The Conflict in the Tigray Region of Ethiopia

In November 2020, an armed conflict erupted in the Tigray region in Ethiopia between the Tigray Regional Government led by the Tigray People’s Liberation Front (TPLF), and forces supporting Abiy Ahmed, the current Prime Minister.

Since coming to power in 2018, Abiy Ahmed faced resistance from the TPLF because he did not grant TPLF members important positions in the government, something that has been honoured by previous administrations in the past. As a result, the TPLF felt they were sidelined by the federal government and their voices were not being heard.

On November 4th, 2020, TPLF members launched an attack on a National Defense Force base. In response, Abiy Ahmed deployed troops to the Tigray region that resulted in an outbreak of an armed conflict. The Abiy government also declared the Tigray region on shutdown and suspended all forms of communications, making it difficult for the international community to accurately learn about the unfolding events.  

The conflict resulted in the death of thousands and the displacement of millions of residents with some seeking refuge in neighbouring Sudan. The United Nations warned of an upcoming humanitarian crisis with a continuous shortage of food, medical supplies, sanitary equipment, and clean water.

The United Nations is currently providing support to the Sudanese government to assist in resettling Ethiopian refugees. However, the projected humanitarian crisis will be inevitable if the conflict is not given more attention in the media, and the international community is not assisting the United Nations with aid.     

Source: Reuters. (2021, January 06). Over 2 million people displaced by conflict in Ethiopia’s Tigray region. Retrieved January 10, 2021, from


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